Mohwa is one of the most important of Indian forest trees, not because it may possess valuable timber – and it is hardly ever cut for this purpose. Mahua is a common name used for Madhuca longifolia, it belongs to the family Sapotaceae. It is an important economic tree growing throughout India. Mahua is . Trees, to 20 m high, bark grey, cm thick, vertically cracked, exfoliating in thin scales; blaze reddish-brown or dark red; exudation milky. Leaves simple.

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Madhuca longifolia

Thirteen fatty acids were identified in mahua fruit-seed extract, wherein the analysis of FAME gave the proportion of oleic, stearic, palmitic and linoleic as the major fatty acids, which comprising longiolia more than Management of root-knot nematode Meloidogyne incognita infesting gram through oil cakes. An integrated approach for mahua seed cake utilization. This wider difference may support the presumption that the physical nature of mahua butter is softer when compared to Malaysian cocoa butter, which is hard and brittle.

Animal nutrition in Western India. User lonifolia search options User. Neutral and polar lipid classes of mahua butter Ramadan et al. Potential applications of mahua Madhuca indica biomass. Stability of mahua butter Natural antioxidants allow food processors to produce stable products with clean labels and tout all-natural ingredients. Nomenclature and Classification Nomenclature and Classification.


The seeds fat has emuluscent property, used in skin disease, rheumatism, headache, laxativepiles and sometimes as galactogogue. Open in a separate window.

Madhuca longifolia var. longifolia – South Indian Mahua

In a recent study, Gupta et al. However, many trials have reported that animals fed mahua pongifolia cakes performed less well than those on a control diet Singhal et al.

As common with many other tropical fruit seeds, seed of Madhuca longifolia is also among the under-utilized for oil production. Mahua flowers are also well known for their high reducing sugar and nutrient content. Organoleptic study of Madhuca longifolia flowers were performed on color, Odour, taste, surface and corolla Table 4 [ 21 ]. References Dewar, ; Kellner et al.

Madhuca longifolia var. latifolia – Mahua

The leaves are alternate and clustered at the end of branchlets. In other projects Wikimedia Commons Wikispecies. Mahua seed cake Untreated mahua seed cake is toxic to chickens because of its high saponin content.

Fruitipedia, India Singhal, K. Mahua longioflia are used for removing intestinal worms, in respiratory infections and in cases of debility and emaciation.

Footnotes Research Highlights – Madhuca longifolia seeds could be considered as novel commercial source of vegetable fats. December 20, ; Published date: Through small eyelet holes at the top, the yellow anthers can be seen.


The tree wins in fame due to the liquor distilled from the flowers, which are used to make vinegar. The seed cakes obtained after extraction of oil constitute very good fertilizer.

Seasonal migration and reproduction are usually treated separately.

In the industrial extraction process, the seeds are first broken and flaked, the resulting flakes are then steam-cooked. Results longifoliated a significant anti-inflammatory activity by Madhuca longifolia saponins in cotton pellet granuloma.

Therefore, the oil yield is always the key factor to decide plant suitability for industrial purposes from economic point of view. Process optimization for biodiesel production from mahua Madhuca indica oil using response surface methodology.

In India, during periods of scarcity, a combination of mahua flowers madhuc sal seeds Shorea robusta is boiled to prepare a substitute for grain staples Sunita et al.

Fatty acid profile in neutral lipids and polar lipids were relatively different, wherein the saturation ratio was lower in neutral fractions than in the corresponding polar fractions GL and PL.