On establishing universal peace in truth, justice, charity and liberty. To our venerable brothers the patriarchs, primates, archbishops, bishops and other local . Pacem in Terris, an encyclical written by Pope John XXIII. This is only a summary review. THE LIFE. Papa Giovanni XXIII Enciclica Pacem in Terris. BIRTH AND FIRST YEARS OF LIFE IN THE FAMILY · EDUCATION TO THE PRIESTHOOD.
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But right reason, pscem above all Christian faith, make it clear that such an order can have no other origin but in God, a personal God, our Creator. Its advantages will be felt everywhere, by individuals, by families, by nations, by the whole human race. Rather it should work to expand that freedom as much as possible by the effective protection of the essential personal rights of each and every individual.
Man has the right to live. The chief concern of civil authorities must therefore be to ensure that these rights are acknowledged, respected, coordinated with other rights, defended and promoted, so that in this way each one may more easily carry out his duties.
We acknowledge that this conviction owes its origin chiefly to the terrifying destructive force of modern weapons. It sows no seeds but those of hatred and destruction. This can be effected at various levels by mutual cooperation in many ways, as is happening in our own time with beneficial results in the economic, social, political, educational, public health and sports spheres.
Thus he who possesses certain rights has likewise the duty to claim those rights as marks of wnciclica dignity, while all others have the obligation to acknowledge those rights and respect them.
Pacem in Terris
It also recognized other rights connected with these. As a pledge of this peace, and with the ardent wish that it may shine forth on the Christian communities entrusted to your care, especially tdrris the benefit of those who are most lowly and in the greatest need of help and defense, We are glad to impart to you, Venerable Brothers, to the priests both secular and religious, to the religious men and women and to the faithful of your Dioceses, particularly to those who make every effort to put these exhortations of Ours into practice, Our Apostolic Blessing.
Moreover, even though the monstrous power of modern weapons does indeed act as a deterrent, there is reason to fear that the very testing of nuclear devices for war purposes can, if continued, lead to serious danger for various forms of life on earth.
Augustine seems to be very apt in this regard: In order that human society may reflect as Faithfully as possible the Kingdom of God, help from on high is absolutely necessary. The sentiment of universal fatherhood which the Lord has placed in Our heart makes Us feel profound sadness in considering the phenomenon of political refugees: This statement of St.
Secondly, it is an objective which We maintain is more earnestly to be desired. In the highest and most authoritative assemblies, let men give serious thought to the problem of a peaceful adjustment of relations between political communities on a world level: According to the clear teaching of Lactantius, “this is the very condition of our birth, that we render to the God who made us that just homage which is His due; that we acknowledge Him alone as God, and follow Him.
The first point to be settled is that mutual ties between States must be governed by truth. Thou hast placed him only a little below the angels, crowning him with glory and honor and bidding him rule over the works of thy hands. There are many parts of the world where we find groupings of people of more or less different ethnic origin.
And finally, each country’s social progress, order, security and peace are necessarily linked with the social progress, order, security and peace of every other country. This can be done by direct action, if need be, or by the creation throughout the world of the sort of conditions in which rulers of individual States can more easily carry out their specific functions.
Consequently people are living in the grip of constant fear. Thou hast made all things in wisdom.
Hence racial discrimination can in no way be justified, at least doctrinally or in theory. It must be clearly laid down that the principal function of public authorities is to recognize, respect, co-ordinate, safeguard and promote citizens’ rights and duties One of the chief consequences of this is that they must bring their own interests into harmony with the needs of the community, and must contribute their goods and their services as civil authorities have prescribed, in accord with the norms of justice and within the limits of their competence.
There is no doubt, however, that the document represents an important step on the path towards the juridical-political organization of all the peoples of the world.
It needs to be animated and perfected by men’s love for one another, and, while preserving freedom intact, it must make for an equilibrium in society which is increasingly more human in character. From this, however, no justification is ever found for trris who surpass the rest to subject others to their control in any way.
Papa Giovanni XXIII – L’ENCICLICA PACEM IN TERRIS UK
For terrix reasons this cannot always be effected, and consequently minority peoples are often obliged to live within the territories of a nation of a different ethnic origin. Causes of the Arms Race This is all the more to be hoped for since all human beings, as they take an ever more active part in the public life of their own country, are showing an increasing interest in the affairs of all peoples, and are becoming more consciously aware that they are living members ejciclica the whole human family.
To him is assigned a certain, well-defined sphere of law, immune from arbitrary attack.
On the contrary, its purpose is to create, on a world basis, an environment in which the public authorities of each state, its citizens and intermediate associations, can carry out their tasks, fulfill their duties and exercise their rights with greater security.
In such a State a precise legal framework is provided, not only for the official functions of government, but also for the mutual relations between citizens and public officials.